Most drivers are confronted by adverse weather conditions at some stage while driving, but many unfortunately misjudge the changes needed in their driving techniques. It is the responsibility of each driver to know how to adjust his/her driving habits to challenge bad weather conditions on the road.

Extreme weather conditions include: flooding, rain, fog and mist, snow, hailstorms and strong winds, and some of these may pose unique challenges to a driver. These are: reduced visibility, reduced steering capability, reduced traction, as well as increased time and space required to bring the vehicle to a stop.

Extreme weather requires special skills from the driver. These include wet surfaces, which can cause tyres to hydroplane. Wind can also create additional problems because it reduces steering control, and it can be especially dangerous for vehicles towing trailers. High-sided vehicles are particularly vulnerable to strong winds as are SUVs and vans due to crosswinds, which may cause the car to swerve.

What you should consider before driving in bad weather conditions

If you are caught by a sudden change in weather while driving for example, a hailstorm, you either have the option to continue driving or to stop in a safe place and wait for the storm to pass. The best way to be safe in extremely bad weather is to avoid driving at all, but sometimes this is impossible.

For those who need to be on the road, it is essential to plan ahead. Driving in bad weather conditions usually takes longer and is more stressful, which is why you need to give yourself enough time to reach your destination. By planning ahead you will be better prepared to handle disastrous situations should they arise.